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The unheard story of David and Goliath | Malcolm Gladwell

The unheard story of David and Goliath | Malcolm Gladwell

So I wanted to tell a story that really obsessed me when I was writing my new book, and it’s a story of something that happened 3,000 years ago, when the Kingdom of Israel was in its infancy. And it takes place in an area called the Shephelah in what is now Israel. And the reason the story obsessed me is that I thought I understood it, and then I went back over it and I realized that I didn’t understand it at all. Ancient Palestine had a — along its eastern border, there’s a mountain range. Still same is true of Israel today. And in the mountain range are all of the ancient cities of that region, so Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Hebron. And then there’s a coastal plain along the Mediterranean, where Tel Aviv is now. And connecting the mountain range with the coastal plain is an area called the Shephelah, which is a series of valleys and ridges that run east to west, and you can follow the Shephelah, go through the Shephelah to get from the coastal plain to the mountains. And the Shephelah, if you’ve been to Israel, you’ll know it’s just about the most beautiful part of Israel. It’s gorgeous, with forests of oak and wheat fields and vineyards. But more importantly, though, in the history of that region, it’s served, it’s had a real strategic function, and that is, it is the means by which hostile armies on the coastal plain find their way, get up into the mountains and threaten those living in the mountains. And 3,000 years ago, that’s exactly what happens. The Philistines, who are the biggest of enemies of the Kingdom of Israel, are living in the coastal plain. They’re originally from Crete. They’re a seafaring people. And they may start to make their way through one of the valleys of the Shephelah up into the mountains, because what they want to do is occupy the highland area right by Bethlehem and split the Kingdom of Israel in two. And the Kingdom of Israel, which is headed by King Saul, obviously catches wind of this, and Saul brings his army down from the mountains and he confronts the Philistines in the Valley of Elah, one of the most beautiful of the valleys of the Shephelah. And the Israelites dig in along the northern ridge, and the Philistines dig in along the southern ridge, and the two armies just sit there for weeks and stare at each other, because they’re deadlocked. Neither can attack the other, because to attack the other side you’ve got to come down the mountain into the valley and then up the other side, and you’re completely exposed. So finally, to break the deadlock, the Philistines send their mightiest warrior down into the valley floor, and he calls out and he says to the Israelites, “Send your mightiest warrior down, and we’ll have this out, just the two of us.” This was a tradition in ancient warfare called single combat. It was a way of settling disputes without incurring the bloodshed of a major battle. And the Philistine who is sent down, their mighty warrior, is a giant. He’s 6 foot 9. He’s outfitted head to toe in this glittering bronze armor, and he’s got a sword and he’s got a javelin and he’s got his spear. He is absolutely terrifying. And he’s so terrifying that none of the Israelite soldiers want to fight him. It’s a death wish, right? There’s no way they think they can take him. And finally the only person who will come forward is this young shepherd boy, and he goes up to Saul and he says, “I’ll fight him.” And Saul says, “You can’t fight him. That’s ridiculous. You’re this kid. This is this mighty warrior.” But the shepherd is adamant. He says, “No, no, no, you don’t understand, I have been defending my flock against lions and wolves for years. I think I can do it.” And Saul has no choice. He’s got no one else who’s come forward. So he says, “All right.” And then he turns to the kid, and he says, “But you’ve got to wear this armor. You can’t go as you are.” So he tries to give the shepherd his armor, and the shepherd says, “No.” He says, “I can’t wear this stuff.” The Biblical verse is, “I cannot wear this for I have not proved it,” meaning, “I’ve never worn armor before. You’ve got to be crazy.” So he reaches down instead on the ground and picks up five stones and puts them in his shepherd’s bag and starts to walk down the mountainside to meet the giant. And the giant sees this figure approaching, and calls out, “Come to me so I can feed your flesh to the birds of the heavens and the beasts of the field.” He issues this kind of taunt towards this person coming to fight him. And the shepherd draws closer and closer, and the giant sees that he’s carrying a staff. That’s all he’s carrying. Instead of a weapon, just this shepherd’s staff, and he says — he’s insulted — “Am I a dog that you would come to me with sticks?” And the shepherd boy takes one of his stones out of his pocket, puts it in his sling and rolls it around and lets it fly and it hits the giant right between the eyes — right here, in his most vulnerable spot — and he falls down either dead or unconscious, and the shepherd boy runs up and takes his sword and cuts off his head, and the Philistines see this and they turn and they just run. And of course, the name of the giant is Goliath and the name of the shepherd boy is David, and the reason that story has obsessed me over the course of writing my book is that everything I thought I knew about that story turned out to be wrong. So David, in that story, is supposed to be the underdog, right? In fact, that term, David and Goliath, has entered our language as a metaphor for improbable victories by some weak party over someone far stronger. Now why do we call David an underdog? Well, we call him an underdog because he’s a kid, a little kid, and Goliath is this big, strong giant. We also call him an underdog because Goliath is an experienced warrior, and David is just a shepherd. But most importantly, we call him an underdog because all he has is — it’s that Goliath is outfitted with all of this modern weaponry, this glittering coat of armor and a sword and a javelin and a spear, and all David has is this sling. Well, let’s start there with the phrase “All David has is this sling,” because that’s the first mistake that we make. In ancient warfare, there are three kinds of warriors. There’s cavalry, men on horseback and with chariots. There’s heavy infantry, which are foot soldiers, armed foot soldiers with swords and shields and some kind of armor. And there’s artillery, and artillery are archers, but, more importantly, slingers. And a slinger is someone who has a leather pouch with two long cords attached to it, and they put a projectile, either a rock or a lead ball, inside the pouch, and they whirl it around like this and they let one of the cords go, and the effect is to send the projectile forward towards its target. That’s what David has, and it’s important to understand that that sling is not a slingshot. It’s not this, right? It’s not a child’s toy. It’s in fact an incredibly devastating weapon. When David rolls it around like this, he’s turning the sling around probably at six or seven revolutions per second, and that means that when the rock is released, it’s going forward really fast, probably 35 meters per second. That’s substantially faster than a baseball thrown by even the finest of baseball pitchers. More than that, the stones in the Valley of Elah were not normal rocks. They were barium sulphate, which are rocks twice the density of normal stones. If you do the calculations on the ballistics, on the stopping power of the rock fired from David’s sling, it’s roughly equal to the stopping power of a [.45 caliber] handgun. This is an incredibly devastating weapon. Accuracy, we know from historical records that slingers — experienced slingers could hit and maim or even kill a target at distances of up to 200 yards. From medieval tapestries, we know that slingers were capable of hitting birds in flight. They were incredibly accurate. When David lines up — and he’s not 200 yards away from Goliath, he’s quite close to Goliath — when he lines up and fires that thing at Goliath, he has every intention and every expectation of being able to hit Goliath at his most vulnerable spot between his eyes. If you go back over the history of ancient warfare, you will find time and time again that slingers were the decisive factor against infantry in one kind of battle or another. So what’s Goliath? He’s heavy infantry, and his expectation when he challenges the Israelites to a duel is that he’s going to be fighting another heavy infantryman. When he says, “Come to me that I might feed your flesh to the birds of the heavens and the beasts of the field,” the key phrase is “Come to me.” Come up to me because we’re going to fight, hand to hand, like this. Saul has the same expectation. David says, “I want to fight Goliath,” and Saul tries to give him his armor, because Saul is thinking, “Oh, when you say ‘fight Goliath,’ you mean ‘fight him in hand-to-hand combat,’ infantry on infantry.” But David has absolutely no expectation. He’s not going to fight him that way. Why would he? He’s a shepherd. He’s spent his entire career using a sling to defend his flock against lions and wolves. That’s where his strength lies. So here he is, this shepherd, experienced in the use of a devastating weapon, up against this lumbering giant weighed down by a hundred pounds of armor and these incredibly heavy weapons that are useful only in short-range combat. Goliath is a sitting duck. He doesn’t have a chance. So why do we keep calling David an underdog, and why do we keep referring to his victory as improbable? There’s a second piece of this that’s important. It’s not just that we misunderstand David and his choice of weaponry. It’s also that we profoundly misunderstand Goliath. Goliath is not what he seems to be. There’s all kinds of hints of this in the Biblical text, things that are in retrospect quite puzzling and don’t square with his image as this mighty warrior. So to begin with, the Bible says that Goliath is led onto the valley floor by an attendant. Now that is weird, right? Here is this mighty warrior challenging the Israelites to one-on-one combat. Why is he being led by the hand by some young boy, presumably, to the point of combat? Secondly, the Bible story makes special note of how slowly Goliath moves, another odd thing to say when you’re describing the mightiest warrior known to man at that point. And then there’s this whole weird thing about how long it takes Goliath to react to the sight of David. So David’s coming down the mountain, and he’s clearly not preparing for hand-to-hand combat. There is nothing about him that says, “I am about to fight you like this.” He’s not even carrying a sword. Why does Goliath not react to that? It’s as if he’s oblivious to what’s going on that day. And then there’s that strange comment he makes to David: “Am I a dog that you should come to me with sticks?” Sticks? David only has one stick. Well, it turns out that there’s been a great deal of speculation within the medical community over the years about whether there is something fundamentally wrong with Goliath, an attempt to make sense of all of those apparent anomalies. There have been many articles written. The first one was in 1960 in the Indiana Medical Journal, and it started a chain of speculation that starts with an explanation for Goliath’s height. So Goliath is head and shoulders above all of his peers in that era, and usually when someone is that far out of the norm, there’s an explanation for it. So the most common form of giantism is a condition called acromegaly, and acromegaly is caused by a benign tumor on your pituitary gland that causes an overproduction of human growth hormone. And throughout history, many of the most famous giants have all had acromegaly. So the tallest person of all time was a guy named Robert Wadlow who was still growing when he died at the age of 24 and he was 8 foot 11. He had acromegaly. Do you remember the wrestler André the Giant? Famous. He had acromegaly. There’s even speculation that Abraham Lincoln had acromegaly. Anyone who’s unusually tall, that’s the first explanation we come up with. And acromegaly has a very distinct set of side effects associated with it, principally having to do with vision. The pituitary tumor, as it grows, often starts to compress the visual nerves in your brain, with the result that people with acromegaly have either double vision or they are profoundly nearsighted. So when people have started to speculate about what might have been wrong with Goliath, they’ve said, “Wait a minute, he looks and sounds an awful lot like someone who has acromegaly.” And that would also explain so much of what was strange about his behavior that day. Why does he move so slowly and have to be escorted down into the valley floor by an attendant? Because he can’t make his way on his own. Why is he so strangely oblivious to David that he doesn’t understand that David’s not going to fight him until the very last moment? Because he can’t see him. When he says, “Come to me that I might feed your flesh to the birds of the heavens and the beasts of the field,” the phrase “come to me” is a hint also of his vulnerability. Come to me because I can’t see you. And then there’s, “Am I a dog that you should come to me with sticks?” He sees two sticks when David has only one. So the Israelites up on the mountain ridge looking down on him thought he was this extraordinarily powerful foe. What they didn’t understand was that the very thing that was the source of his apparent strength was also the source of his greatest weakness. And there is, I think, in that, a very important lesson for all of us. Giants are not as strong and powerful as they seem. And sometimes the shepherd boy has a sling in his pocket. Thank you. (Applause)

100 thoughts on “The unheard story of David and Goliath | Malcolm Gladwell

  1. 11:00+
    Led by the hand??
    How slowly Goliath moved? How long it took him to react? Seeing double? (two sticks) This is not a medically compromised and sickly person; i.e., an otherwise normal human suffering from acromegaly or giantism. Goliath was one of the Anakim [what the LXX called Titans] who had Nephilim

    DNA. He was not led by the hand:

    1 Samuel 17:41 "Then the Philistine came on and approached David, with the shield-bearer in front of him."

    Goliath's spear was like a weavers beam (2-2 1/2 inches thick, 8-9 feet long,
    with a 15 LB iron spearhead. Total weight probably 30-40 LB). In combat (if he was right handed) he could charge an enemy carrying the spear waist high in his left hand and reach over his shoulder with the right hand, and draw and throw his javelin single handed like an olympic competitor. Then he could use the spear for throwing, or more commonly swinging it as a long sword two handed. For example:

    2 Samuel 23:18 Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of the thirty. And he swung his spear against three hundred and killed them, and had a name as well as the three.

    A spear of this type could even be used to stop a horse or camel. If he did this in battle to dismount a rider, he could then draw his sword and take up the shield from his shield bearer, who would run next to him.

    12:05 "am i a dog that you should come to me with sticks?"

    It is very doubtful he was seeing double.
    It may have been that from a distance with the sling hanging in his right hand and the staff in left, he may have appeared to be holding two sticks. But the comment should be understood as mockery. He came out carrying two spears, and David came out with "sticks". A poorly armed soldier, indeed. Or so he thought.

  2. this man clearly is bathing for the other team .
    Just a device to confuse believers and obstruct there faith

  3. Interesting. He probably thought the story was impossible or improbable and then discovered that It could be true! Unfortunately, the analysis missed one crucial point: God gave victory to David. And even more… the victory of David (one man fighting on behalf of the entire army of Israel) points to the victory of Jesus, the son of God that won the battle against death in our behalf!

  4. I don't what's wrong with what he has said. And why are so many people condemning him? He seems right on with his analysis. In fact you just missed the fact that he said he wants to talk about an "event that happened 3000 years ago," which you missed totally, the fact that he is affirming the truth of scripture. Not only that, he went to great lengths to describe the features of the valley where the fight took place so we could see, this is not just some made up story. What in the world, how could you miss that. If someone is not carrying bible, in front of a pulpit, then they must not be of God? Even an atheist will give off his ignorance by some statement in which he contradict themselves unknowingly. Goliath did have all those weaknesses, but we see that now in hindsight. However, nobody in their right mind will try to fight him because they know his strength, not his weaknesses. But God knows his weak points, human's don't. Even David didn't. David just figured, forget all that noise you're making and your supposed power. Because God is with me, I will finish you today. That was all that was in David's mind. But God knows the weaknesses of men. Every man, strong or not have weaknesses. God knows them all. So also, God knows the strength He has put in side of you. David knew his strength, he was skilled in slinging but beyond that God was his strength. David however did not win because of his skills, he won because of he knew where his real strength lie – in his God. The question is, do you know where your strength lie?

  5. I find most of this unconvincing, except the bit about slingers vs heavy armory. Did the philistines bring a knife to a gunfight?

  6. Nobody ever takes note of the fact that David was not a "child" in the modern sense. People usually depict him as 13-14 years old. Back then a person was a "youth" until 20 years old. Two things give this away, 1st, he killed a lion and a bear and apparently several wolves. Slings are powerful, but they need powerful hands to develop that power. Also he said he killed them with his hands. That isn't saying he didn't use weapons, but it eludes to being a contest of skill and strength even if he used the sling to do it. So we know he was very strong. 2nd, Saul offered him his own armor. This is interesting because Saul was described as "head and shoulders above the crowd" when he was first chosen to be king. Saul's armor wouldn't fit most people. This means David was of similar build to Saul. Suggesting he was most likely 17-19 years old.

    The next thing is that Goliath has 6 fingers on his hands and had five brothers who were all massive like himself. Would a tumor grow on all six boys in the same exact way?
    Also, as I understand it, biblical historians generally accept Goliath as 9'-4" tall. Which is the shortest estimate based on the dimensions of the time. The middle estimate is 10'-5" and the high end put him up at 11'-2".
    He wasn't even that tall by the standards of giants at the time. OG king of Boshaan was said to be 13' tall and weigh as much as a horse. His bed existed for over a thousand years as a curio that people visited. It was 15' long.
    The rest of the video was very interesting.

  7. The Hebrew Israelites were Black/ Brown the scriptures say it and history says it. The people taken into Slavery are the true children of Yisrael not the settlers there today. The False ones who stole a nations identity. The Most High is going to make them pay for their mockery…Not long now APTTMH. GOLIATH WAS A NEPHELIM

  8. What an interesting interpretation/explanation of a bible story. I think most of you are forgetting that the text in the bible is probably incorrect as its a couple of thousand years old, written in a few different languages, different bibles for different religions, etc and Goliaths condition is not Malcolms opinion, its an IDEA that medical practitioners have been kicking around. Good one Mal I thoroughly enjoyed your talk and I will be looking for more of your videos to challenge and expand my mind.

  9. Goliath had six fingers six toes which is characteristic of the nephilim giants still being discovered in archeological digs. He also had two brothers with six fingers six toes. Goliath was a champion, not an awkward idiot like this guy is suggesting.

  10. Goliath was a decedent of the nephilim, that is why he was a giant, his DNA was different than the normal human.

  11. What actually this speaker is describing ? A history of technical aerodynamic weaponsry system, a review of tribal cultures, a story about the brave and the warrior ? or a faith essence that there were people of God the almighty and their opponent ? .

  12. Another humanistic attempt, a lousy attempt at that, to take God out of the scriptures. If you want to do it, at least do it right. For instance, the "sticks" and double vision? Any first year medical student will tell you, if there is a pituitary tumor sitting on the optic chiasm, you get heteronymous hemiopsia, not double vision.

  13. He sounds right at the surmise of his point, However his focus on the Giant Goliath is wrong. That could have been any 'ruddy' looking kid coming down the hill the denominator was that David was the true anointed of God the enemy can never see the anointed of God clearly through 'Carnal eyes' that's even before they are anointed. (Before Samuel had anointed him). In my humble opinion.

  14. There was A recent giant in Kandahar !!!! His face ( lower jaw ) was blown away . After it killed A squad of men.

  15. If Goliath had been an acromegalic cripple, somebody would have already gone down to fight him even before the boy David turned up, you fool!

  16. "David said to the Philistine, “You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied. 46 This day the Lord will deliver you into my hands, and I’ll strike you down and cut off your head. This very day I will give the carcasses of the Philistine army to the birds and the wild animals, and the whole world will know that there is a God in Israel. 47 All those gathered here will know that it is not by sword or spear that the Lord saves; for the battle is the Lord’s, and he will give all of you into our hands.” 

    Goliath moved toward David to attack him and with God`s help, David slew the giant. 

    David is the "underdog" in this story and with God`s help, he slew the powerful and scary giant. When you have a right relationship with God, no matter how insurmountable you think your problems are, call out to God for His help and you will soon see that there is nothing impossible for God!

    This Malcolm guy is way off!

  17. So he say call da bad guy phlastine I knew it who is he.wut he preaching.was victem.rolle claiming..bye bye bye

  18. God gets in these people's way, so they make up stupid stuff. There is no basis for his thesis except that he does not want YOU to trust God. Our Father, Hallowed be His name!

  19. NOW It's O K now for white males to complain about the blatant and vicious racism against them NOW…remember, far more whites were slaves than blacks….right now and for thousands of years. ……Stop thinking small and think worldwide. The slaves NERO burned to light his garden darn sure weren't Africa. Anyway blacks still sell slaves today just like always. Only whites ever freed slaves.

  20. it's all well and good, but this talk might as well be discussing what life extending genetic abnormality gollum had

  21. What huge pile of pseudo-intellectual rubbish. Why isn't he honest and says that he doesn't believe what the bible says?

  22. What Goliath said was the modern-day equivalent of – "you want some, come get some, bring it on, I'll kick your a**.

  23. "…he falls down, either dead or unconscious…"
    Really? Hmmm, let's see,
    "51 David ran and stood over him. He took hold of the Philistine’s sword and drew it from the sheath. After he killed him, he cut off his head with the sword."

  24. The problem,

    Old Testament records on David are in Paleo/Biblical Hebrew.

    They don't have different words for sticks, planks etc…

    Its all just 'etz' meaning 'wood'.

    So the Old Testament refers to 'who is this dog who comes with wood'.

    To conclude that Goliath of Gad had eyesight problems because of this mistranslation (reading it in English not the original language of record) is very questionable.

    May be correct… but back then you have to factor in the giants of old, nephilim, children of the watchers etc… whatever we cal humans influenced by the demonic.

    For example, Nimrod was considered a mighty hunter/foe, was very large and powerful and was colluding with the demonic via his wife Semiramis.

    The actual answer may be more supernatural than medical.

  25. 6ft 9in? Somebody can't read, he was bigger than that. You need to read the story a few dozen more times till you get the details right.

  26. David was only a small boy but he was with God also
    He's brothers where about to go to the war then David
    Know say I also wanna join but his
    Brothers say you are to small to go and fight for war so the brothers went to war
    The David was in the back ground to train for war when he was not aloud
    To fight for war
    So his father said to David give this bred to you're brothers

  27. Something was missing in this story which was otherwise told with practiced talent and skill. I re-read Samuel 17. Malcolm leaves out GOD and faith.

  28. This guy is dreaming a sling as powerful as a handgun. Why build a handgun? Also don't confuse the slings of the Roman Empire with the Sling of Shepard 1000 BC.

  29. don't believe this anemic version of the story. Also, Malcolm, that "child's toy" type of modern slingshot is a deadly weapon. You completely misrepresent the issue between David and Saul. You also misrepresent the height and magnitude of Goliath. He was three cubits and a span.. Research that and you'll find that Goliath was 9 feet tall. Were there no tall Israelis? I mean, not a single one that was say 6'5" for example. You're trying to make the miraculous more ordinary. As to the sling shot, why didn't someone else use a sling shot if it's such a great weapon? How about a strong, experienced soldier of Israel taking a slingshot out to Goliath? Was David the only one experienced with the slingshot? Come on. You're attempt to make all this rationalized is nonsense. The armor Saul offers David has the Ensign of the King on it. I'd love the opportunity to enlighten you. David had brothers who were present as well. How could David count on Goliath making such a great target of himself, since he was armor clad. What if he'd charged David, making the between-the-eyes shot impossible. The story is about one thing, really, and that's Faith vs. Power. David's faith was absolute at that moment. He went on through many challenges and failures to become King of Israel. He saved Israel after Saul's defeat and death at the Battle of Mt. Gilboah, But through it all God sustained him, didn't destroy him, didn't abandon. him — and why? Because as the scripture tells us, David was a man after God's own heart. That means David cared, loved God. No, David wasn't sinless at all. He was a terrible sinner, in fact, a murderer, an adulterer, prone to vanity at times, ect. But through it all he had a passion for God, which confirmed his faith. That link to his Father (much more a father than Jesse) was his power, from start to finish. You make it seem that you misunderstood the story because you underestimated the effectiveness of the slingshot. You're on the wrong track. If the story was anything short of miraculous, why bother to scripturalize it in the first place? Were the writers waiting for a future time when people would have mistaken ideas of what a slingshot was? Come now. If your general idea was correct it would mean that this story of Israel's greatest king (and the great poet-prophet of the psalms) was dependent for its significance on a shallow and mistaken interpretation of the story. Your great revelation is that the story is completely rational. You make the "giant" a tall guy, even considering the difference is average heights from then till now, and you make the inexperienced warrior, the shepherd, well equipped for the battle. What was it that gave David the clear and bold compulsion that he could and would accomplish this victory? I'd say he was overconfident, wouldn't you? So what was it? Delusion? Or uncommon faith?

  30. At 13:08 I just knew you were going to say thge giants are Hephlim From the "fallen angels & the daughters of men"
    Come on now

  31. In case you haven't figured out, this guy is wrong about everything. There are pretty good explanations of why he is wrong in these comments. Read the Bible yourself to see what the real story is, because it is not what this guy is saying. I'm pretty sure it will take you less than fifteen minutes.

  32. This is like a metaphor of bitcoin and FED. There will be a time when karma will come, when printing money to pump fake economy comes to an end

  33. So….the Philistine army sent in to a represintative hand to hand battle a 6'9 champion to decide their fate. He was partially blind, and could not walk with out help. AND no one in the seasoned Israeli army wanted to fight him because they were scared by the blind 6'9 man despite being offered all sorts of rewards by the king?
    Sorry not buying that.

  34. First of all, I must say this is my favorite Bible story and I absolutely love love love it! Firstly, the Bible states David was a shepherd boy and here's no mention that he was a sling expert. Secondly, most Bible translations state Goliath as over 9 feet tall and clad in armor, a most terrifying sight! According to the Bible, Giants weren't uncommon in those days and they were known as the Nephilim. The event of David vs. Goliath was a true miracle just as the many many other historical accounts in the Bible were miracles. The underlying message being with God on your side and faith, you can't lose the battle!

  35. The left in ancient Israel had been working to ban assault slings for years before this massacre. Poor wittow gowiaf.

  36. Ever hear of an "Armor Bearer"? If Goliath moved "slowly" it was because he was confident he would prevail, not because he was nearly blind. What sane, competent Commander of an Army would send a slow moving blind man into a physical fight to the death? This guy's explanation of the David and Goliath fight is whacked.

  37. You forgot to say that David loudly said he comes in the Name of the Lord God.. You totally left out that big sentence AND that it was a story about David KNOWING GOD personally… . and that we in such impossible similar situations can trust also in his GOD. THE GOD OF ISRAEL THAT LATER SENT IN THE SAME TOWN OF BETHLEHEM THE SAVIOR OF THE WORLD, JESUS CHRIST.

  38. Typical religious modernistic liberalism! Ha, he doesn't believe the very text he claims to be expounding. I choose to believe the word of Yahweh of armies.

  39. You seemed to have missed the entire point about David. It was God who guided the rock that hit Goliath! The story is to reaffirm that through God all things are possible.

  40. John 3
    Unless one is born again, he cannot even see the Kingdom of God.
    The study of the scriptures is the domain of believers, therefore the speaker is unqualified to approach to m the subject matter.

  41. Once again, If we just read the Bible we know this individual does not know what he is talking about. What a shame. I feel sorry for the young people sitting around this guy as if he is some kind of teacher. He is either ignorant of what the Bible speaks of or/and he is lying either about what he read or he is lying in telling us he has examined the Bible and wants to share what it says.

  42. This is all obvious to anyone that knows jack about ancient warfare. The only thing new to me was the eyesight.

    The only thing is that the story might even be close to what happened. Only problem with that is that there ANOTHER story about someone with a different killing Goliath in the Bible. At least one of the two stories is bogus.

  43. If David placed complete faith in God, then why did he need five stones? One was clearly sufficient. Perhaps David's faith wasn't as solid as people would have us believe.

  44. Pituitary giant? I don't think any of the five girls in the audience believed that one. It was probably required, otherwise they wouldn't be able to sit through it.

  45. It's hard to imagine that the Philistines would send a partially blind and disabled man to represent them in a battle. They would choose their best warrior. I also don't understand why David decapitated Goliath, after he had decisively won. It makes me wonder if this would be a better world, if the Philistines had won that battle.

  46. What's amazing here is that this guy actually spoke at a TED talk while being nearly absolutely ignorant of the actual writings of the Bible. I feel sorry for those kids listening. How can a man that 'seems' so intelligent allow himself to make such a fool of himself??

  47. What a joke, so his reputation as a champion of champions are just ignored Sam 17:4. not to mention his giant brother. Why not mention the number of his toes and fingers. So the mighty army picked a talll guy called him a champ, and never got him to test his equipment against his own people as was thee practice and he just blindly went to fight David. I have lost all respct for TED. Another propaganda tool

  48. I suppose David got a full medical run up on Goliath. Maybe a Jewish Doctor. The story is not about the people. It for the people to understand you can hopeless odds and when.

  49. Hopefully those sitting in the audience are doing their homework and not just believe this idiot. This guy took a lot of liberty with trying to explain away one of the most historic battles in the Bible.

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