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The Battle of Lechfeld 955 AD

The Battle of Lechfeld 955 AD

It’s the beginning of July of the year 936. King Henry the Fowler suffers a stroke and dies shortly thereafter. But the abrupt death of their ruler didn’t leave the East Frankish realm unprepared as Henry had designated successors some years before, dividing his lands and wealth between his four sons. The one to receive the crown was Otto, the second son, still young in the year 936, but already an experienced commander successfully contributing in the Slavic wars to the east. Otto’s coronation in Aachen was attended by the four most influential dukes whose domains jointly formed the majority of the state of East Francia. Their initial support was of vital importance for the young king as Otto had inherited the position of primus inter pares, first among equals, making him merely their formal overlord. This limited central authority soon became troublesome for this ambitious ruler. Upon making some unpopular office nominations it became clear that the young king wouldn’t just follow the path that his father had set for him: Otto made efforts to whittle down the power of the regional dukes. Unsurprisingly, Otto’s advances soon made him internal enemies, and just one year after his election, East Francia plunged into civil war. The dukes of Franconia and Bavaria convinced Otto’s older half-brother, Thankmar, to join the rebellion and force his way to the throne. The king had little time to solidify his rule, but he clearly showed his political awareness and commanding skills. A couple of months later Thankmar was defeated and killed while the two rebellious dukes were either subjugated or even outlawed. Yet the subjugation of the dukes appeared to be a short-term solution, as in 938 Duke Eberhard incited another revolt, recruiting the Duke of Lorraine and Otto’s younger brother, Henry. This time, Otto faced a couple of setbacks, but eventually defeated the insurgents in a pitched battle. Both Dukes were killed, and Henry submitted to his brother’s authority. Despite uneasy initial years on the throne, over the course of the next decade Otto strengthened his suzerainty over the East Frankish duchies, extended the frontiers of his kingdom thanks to his skilled and loyal margraves, and (with some initial failures) reclaimed Frankish control over the Duchy of Bohemia. With his solidified position as the King of the East Franks he was able to interfere in the local politics of his northern and western neighbours, pulling Burgundy inside of his sphere of influence. In early 951 Otto received a message from Adelaide, widowed queen of Italy, who fled the captivity of the usurper king, Berengar, and sought Otto’s help. The East Frankish king perceived this as a good opportunity to extend his rule over Italy and a half-year later marched his troops across the Alps. Being warmly welcomed by Italian clergy and nobility, Otto took Berengar’s capital city of Pavia, where he was crowned as King of Italy. Subsequently, Otto summoned the young widow queen Adelaide to Pavia, and married her, thus bolstering his claim to the Italian throne. Although it took a lot more effort than just one brief invasion and many more years to develop a solid grip on his new southern realm, Otto’s actions in Italy significantly worsened his relations with Liudolf, his only son and heir to the crown. Liudolf was a scion from Otto’s first marriage with deceased queen Edith, and, as soon as it became obvious that King Otto (being influenced by Adelaide) would rather advocate for their newborn son to be his heir, Liudolf planned a rebellion against his father. Many German nobles of East Francia were reluctant to accept Otto’s new heir because he came from a foreign wife and was perceived as a symbol of Otto’s changing and more Italo-centric political orientation. Thus, Liudolf had no problems with gathering followers willing to endorse his cause. Apart from many lesser known nobles, Liudolf secured the support of Conrad , Duke of Lorraine, who was insulted over Otto’s authoritative decisions regarding Conrad’s regency in Italy. Open war began in early 953, when both insurgents overthrew Otto’s brother Henry from his position as Duke of Bavaria and incited revolts in Franconia and Swabia. Although Otto managed to win the support of Lotharingian nobles, who were nominally Conrad’s vassals, he had three major duchies against him, and what was worse, some nobles of his own Duchy of Saxony also joined Liudolf’s side. Towards the end of the year 953 Otto faced the real threat of being deposed from the East Frankish throne. In spring of the next year a third belligerent joined the turmoil in Germany. A large Hungarian invasion force under Bulcsu crossed the border in Bavaria and began ravaging the lands of both the royal and rebel sides; both soon accused each other of summoning the Hungarians for help. While it is hard to judge who might really be responsible, it could also be that the Hungarian chieftains just saw war-torn East Francia as easy prey and decided to perform an extensive raiding attack, joining neither side. The Hungarians weren’t a new threat for the Germans the nomadic Magyar tribes had frequently raided the lands of Western Europe since their conquest of the Pannonian Basin in the late 9th century, even reaching as far as the Arab-ruled Iberian Peninsula. The primary goal of their raids was to acquire spoils rather than land. Through excellent use of light cavalry they could swiftly manoeuvre around defences and strike the countryside, plundering just enough for their horses to carry. On most occasions, by the time a sufficient defence was gathered to oppose the invaders, the Hungarian raiders were already far away, easily eluding pitched battles. While the Magyars ravaged the lands of Franconia and Bavaria, the domains of Liudolf and Conrad were left relatively unharmed. Otto’s son invited the Hungarian chieftains to a great feast, rewarding them with gold, whereas Conrad provided them with safe passage through Lorraine to Western Francia. Liudolf’s decision to cooperate with the Hungarians was soon exploited by his father. Otto’s retainers spread rumours that the rebels invited the Magyar raiders and planned to use them against the king. Upon hearing the news, many nobles who had previously sided with Liudolf now turned against him, supporting the crown. Even Liudolf’s most powerful ally, Conrad, gave up his cause and started peace negotiations with Otto. Left by his allies, Liudolf had no other choice but to swear fealty to his father, who stripped him of his ducal titles. The civil war came to an end. Otto took the time to restore order in his kingdom, but in the summer of the next year, while residing in Magdeburg, devastating news reached the king. Encouraged by their successful invasion one year earlier, the Hungarian chieftains, Bulcsu and Lehel, had crossed into the Frankish kingdom and raided into Bavaria and Swabia. But this invasion seemed different to Otto. While the Hungarians deployed raiding parties as usual, which ravaged the south-eastern part of Otto’s kingdom, their main force concentrated near the city of Augsburg, which they soon besieged. A possible reason for this new approach could have been that this time Bulcsu and Lehel were trying to gain control over Bavaria, or were even summoned by Otto’s local opponents, still fighting the civil war. Meanwhile the German king gathered his Saxon retinue and hurriedly departed Magdeburg, gathering troops on the go, as he was determined to intercept the Hungarian army and defeat it on the field. Camp was set near Ulm, where the royal army assembled. Apart from units from Swabia, Bavaria and Bohemia, the king’s army was reinforced by the recently pardoned Duke Conrad of Franconia, whose participation on Otto’s side boosted the morale of gathering troops. Though we can’t be sure about the numbers, Otto’s relief force was probably about 8,000 strong, consisting predominantly of heavy cavalry, supplemented by some infantry and light cavalry. In the first days of August, East Frankish troops crossed the Danube River and marched east to challenge the Hungarians. The old Roman road lead through heavily forested and rough terrain, thus the moving column stretched out to some degree. The vanguard was formed by indigenous Bavarian troops, who were familiar with the surroundings, followed by Franconian, Saxonian and Swabian units. The rear-guard, with the baggage train, comprised of allied Czech units from the Duchy of Bohemia. German scouts reported that the Hungarians were aware of the incoming relief force and had thus lifted the siege of Augsburg, preparing for an impending battle. This was just as Otto had hoped, as he feared the enemy would avoid a pitched encounter and scatter their force around south Germany. Yet not everything went as Otto expected. Soon after the lifting of the Augsburg siege, Hungarian horse archers struck the unsuspecting Bohemian rear-guard, routing them and capturing their baggage train. Some Swabian units tried to aid their troubled allies, but to no avail. The goal of the Hungarian ambush was probably to ravage Otto’s supplies and then disrupt his units from behind, causing chaos and forcing him to retreat. This plan was only partially successful, as Magyar riders seemed to be content with merely acquiring loot and so neglected any further harassment. This was crucially exploited by Duke Conrad, who rode back with his cavalry and attacked disarrayed Hungarian horsemen. His charge was an utter success, as the Franconians killed many enemies, routed the rest and even rallied some of the broken Bohemian units. In short time, the first Bavarian units emerged from the forest surrounding the old Roman road and entered the plain just north-west of Augsburg. They were surprised to find an even more surprised Hungarian army making their way back to camp. Chieftains Bulcsu and Lehel had received early reports of the successful attack of their horse archers at the German rear followed by the enemy’s retreat, and they intended to resume their siege of the city. Upon seeing the enemy, however, they quickly fixed this mistake, and both sides simultaneously deployed on the plain. Though the Hungarian numbers were uncertain, Bulcsu and Lehel most likely commanded an army twice as big as Otto’s, comprising predominantly of light cavalry and horse archers with some infantry support. They excelled in the highly mobile Eastern style of warfare inherited from the steppe tribes of the southern Ural Mountains to the east. But the area of Augsburg wasn’t the best place to face the Germans. A narrow plain, constrained by forest and the River Lech, considerably limited their tactical options, clearly favouring the less mobile but far more armoured German troops. Otto was aware of his advantage, and just when his army deployed on the field, he ordered a full frontal attack. While the Bavarian infantry pushed the centre, heavy cavalry on both flanks threatened the Hungarian horse archers, who, being unable to flank the enemy, hesitated and backed down, flattening the Hungarian line. Both lines eventually clashed and regular battle commenced. It quickly became clear that the disadvantaged Hungarian troops were not able to fight the East Frankish knightly cavalry on equal terms. Some of their units tried to perform a feigned retreat, hoping to lure the Germans out of their battle line, but Otto’s firm command undermined these efforts. Battle raged for hours, and the Hungarian morale gradually plummeted over the rising losses. Some of their units fled the battlefield and eventually the entire Hungarian army scattered. Otto commanded a pursuit of the fleeing enemy, killing many more of them. Magyar chieftains, Bulcsu and Lehel, were captured and executed by German troops. It was a huge victory for Otto over a much feared enemy. Although Otto didn’t keep the momentum and gave up plans to invade Hungary, the battle of Lechfeld soon turned out to be the last act of the Hungarian invasions into Western Europe. Otto gained immense popularity and a reputation as a saviour of Christendom, helping him gain full control of Italy in the following years and eventually helping him to crown himself as Holy Roman Emperor, thus establishing the Ottonian dynasty on the imperial throne. Magyars continued to raid southern Europe for some years to come, but their defeat near Augsburg served as a turning point after which they began to abandon their horse-warrior culture and to settle down in the Panonian Basin. Fifty years later they proclaimed the Christian Kingdom of Hungary, thus symbolically joining the European brotherhood of nations.

100 thoughts on “The Battle of Lechfeld 955 AD

  1. this is all fake news…u learn a wrong history…the serbs were always the dominant tribe of the slavs not the turkic bulgars…..there are noo bulgars….Danie Bodin was serbian too , just like skenderberg…the romanians are serbian too..just like the czechs and poles

  2. What a splendid and informative video, great job on the explanations before Lechfeld, and on the battle animation, makes me want to play this battle with miniatures, love this troubled period…Thanks for this!👍

  3. Good video as always. But the few German words are used terribly wrong… Do you want help from a native German Speaker?

  4. Love the show, but there is an issue with the Hungarian Principality, it didn't stretch that much to the south. In fact, around year 1000, there did conquer some teritory further south, but were instantly pushed back north, to the same south borders they have today.

  5. Otto saved Europe from vicious touranic Magyars (who used to be a great menance at the time in Europe). Depot all hungarian immigrants. Ah I forgot, Hungarians are white christians, Hungary is full of skinheads, used to be an Axis power and now is led by a semifascist, so everything is ok.

  6. However a "hit and run" squad from prince Muhammad bin Salman carried out a successful attack in Turkey, in 2018! So it's still a useful tactic.

  7. Rather reed or watch about LECHIAN EMPIRE , then about who were Sasnids and Angelos whor Romans tok from Persia to Europe to fight Lechians and Celts. R1a1 for Lechians which had border on Rhine river and Celts R1b1 . Ps Project Sirius on you tube.

  8. tu n'aurais pas pu faire en francais avec des sous-titres dans les autres langues? elle est où la défense de la langue française?…rien que pour cela je ne m'abonnerai pas.


    According to several foreign sources, including the Hungarians, the non-Hungarian tribes that constituted the Hungarian ethnic litany and the demographic mass for Magyarization were quite numerous and diverse. Let's see them one by one.

    1. Barsilii / Bersilii (Varsány in Hungarian), an Asian tribe of Turkish origin, related to the Kazars and Bulgarians. The tribal name is an eponym formed after the name of the legendary ancestor Barsil / Bersil, considered to be the son of Togarma and brother of Khazar, Avior, Turis, Avar, Uguz, Trn, Znur, Bulgar and Savir / Sabir.

    2. Berenii / Barangeri (Berény in Hungarian), an Asian tribe, presumed of Tunguzo-Manchurian (Turanic) origin, which was part of the Great Avar Horde(Huns), installed in the Pannonian Plain approximately in 670;

    3. Bulaks (Bulak in Hungarian), an Asian tribe of Turkish origin(proto-Bulgarian), installed in the Carpathian Basin between 750 and 800 years, along with the Szeklers' nemaghian ancestors.

    4. Cozari (Kozár in Hungarian), generic name given to the Kazars, Khazar's descendants;

    5. Eslary (Eszlár in Hungarian), tribe of Alan origin (Indo-European). The name is kept in the name of Tiszaeszlár (Tisza-Eszlár) in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County.

    6. Herenii / Chechens (Herény in Hungarian), a Caucasian tribe that was part of the old Hungarian tribal union.

    7. The Iors (Örs in Hungarian), an Asian tribe of Turkish origin. He is supposed to be one of the three kazars tribes that joined the old Hungarian tribal union, along with Kavari and Kalizi;

    8. Ladanii (Ladány in Hungarian), a Caucasian tribe of Iranian (Indo-European) origin established in Pannonia together with the Hungarians;

    9. Nandori (Hungarian Narodor), a tribe of Bulgarian origin (Turkish) installed in Panonia before the Hungarian invasion, namely in the year 830.

    10. Kalizii (Káliz / Kálaz in Hungarian) one of the three kazar tribes (alongside Kavari and Iorşi), supposedly of Indo-European origin, who joined the old Hungarian tribal union;

    11. Kelfanii / Kolpanii (Kölpény in Hungarian), a European ethnic group of uncertain origin, probably Scandinavian, whose name might come from the old Scandinavian kylfingr (from kylfa – bat, cosh). They were recruited by the Hungarians as elite soldiers.

    12. Palochi (Palóc in Hungarian), a population of uncertain origin, supposedly Turkish, considered to be descended from Pecenegi, a fact suggested by the ethnonym Paloţ <Poloûţ <Poloveţ / Polovţi attributed to the pechengues by the Slavs.

    13. Pechenegii (Besnyő in Hungarian), an Asian tribal union, of Turkish origin, installed in the Pannonian Plain before the Hungarians. Of the Magyarized tribes, we are fully aware of the following:

    · Cultures (Külbej in Hungarian), tribe of pechene origin;

    · Ciuri (Csur in Hungarian), tribe of pechene origin;

    · Erdim (Értem in Hungarian), tribe of pechene origin;

    · Baths (Baj in Hungarian), tribe of pechene origin;

    · Tolmaci (Tolmács in Hungarian), tribe of Turkish peceneg type;

    14. Sabers (Szabir / Szabor in Hungarian), an Asian tribe of Turkish origin (hunic) who participated in the ethnogenesis of the Kazars. There is also the hypothesis of the Ugro-Finic origin of this tribe, with the statement that it underwent a profound process of combining with Turkish. From the name of this tribe comes the name Siberia, the space for the formation of the Ugrofinic;

    15. Székely (Székely in Hungarian), an Asian tribe of Turkish origin, of the kapek type, which received an additional Turkish contribution by merging with Bulacii.

    16. The Sagi (Sag in Hungarian), a tribe of uncertain orgies, considered by some to be of Indo-European origin, allied to alanes;

    17. Tarkány / Tarcanii (Tarkány in Hungarian), a descendant of Turkic origin from the Kazari kavars. Not to be confused with the Basque Tariani tribe (Tarján in Hungarian), also assimilated by the Magyars;

    18. Vargonites (Várkony in Hungarian), a tribe of avaric origin, whose name is explained as a compound notion: avar-huni, installed in Pannonia in 567.

    Of course, besides these auxiliary tribes of the Hungarians, we must also take into consideration the non-Hungarian, Indo-European and quite numerous populations for those times, over which the tribes of the old Hungarian tribal union (tribes baskir and one Ugric dominant tribe) settled in the Panonic Plain: 1. the Germans, 2. the Slavs, 3. the Romanians.

    The fact that today's Hungarians are the result of a vast process of assimilation of the various non-Magyars and non-Gentile tribes emerges immediately if we analyze the repertoire of Hungarian family names, especially in the eighteenth century, when the possession of a surname has become obligatory.

    Thus, in the list of 98 surnames of more than 10 thousand Hungarian citizens, a list drawn up according to the General Registry of the Hungarian population, we find the following ethnic names:

    1. Tóth (214,040 persons, 3rd position) – in the sense of Slovak (in ancient times – Serbian).

    2. Horváth (199,982 people, position 5) – in the Croatian sense.

    3. Németh (92,312 people, position 9) – in the sense of German.

    4. Oláh (38 373 people, position 17) – in the sense of Romanian, valah.

    5. Török (26,944 people, position 22) – in the Turkish sense.

    6. Magyar (21 050 people, position 33) – meaning Hungarian.

    7. Orosz (22,754 people, position 50) – in the sense of the Russian.

    8. Lengyel (14 014 persons, position 66) – in the sense of Polish, leah.

    9. Székely (12,036 people, position 77) – with the meaning of kiele, secui.

    At the same time, we often meet the Hungarians and family names formed by the old names of the non-Magyars tribes that were swallowed by the dominant tribe: Berényi, Varsányi, Herényi, Kozár, Örsi, Eszlári, Nándori, Kálazi, Palóci, Besnyő / Besnyői, Csuri / Csűry, Tarkányi, Várkonyi, Székelyi.

    The Hungarian family names of ethnic names rank second (20%), after their last name, occupations and skills (40%).

    Knowing that their surname has a distinctive function in general, it is strange to find the Magyar in the list of Hungarians' most common Hungarian names in the 34th place. This strange situation is unique in Europe, as the phenomenon of the assimilation of so many European natives by an Asian alluvial tribe is unique.

    As for the Romanian surnames worn by the Hungarians in Hungary, we will keep the following statistics: Bogdán (17 309 persons), Fábián (13 987 persons), Kozma (12 428 persons), Jónás (12 250 persons) 781 persons), Major (11 781 persons).

  10. Hi there. Some errors (I'm not blaming you, it's just Western historiography is particularly weak when it comes to Hungary, Poland and points East!!) So, at 5:45. Bulcsu was in alliance with Conrad. If you look at the enmity between the Hungarians and the East Franks, just look at the completely unprovoked Frankish arrest of Hungarian envoys in 900, then the Bavarians murder of one of the two Dukes, Kurszán or Kusály. (It was considered poor form by the Hungarians and led to their long series of attacks. 5:57. Archaeology has definitively shown the Magyar tribes were not "nomadic", only a portion of them practiced transhumance pastoralism. 6:12. The primary goal of Magyar strategic long-range attacks was not to get spoils (they traded with the Silk Road, why get some cheap knock-offs from Europe?) At 6:20 or so, your claim that they avoided battles: What of the (Battle of the Bretna 899, of Pressburg (defensive) in 907, Eisenach in 908, and the defeat of Louis the Child and the entire East Frankish feudal levy at First Lechfeld. I won't comment further, but it would be useful for all of us to see accurate material rather than "raiding" and the like.I wish I could say whom to read. I found one source which is old but still good: https://www.amazon.com/Magyars-Their-life-civilisation/dp/9631342263 and I would suggest watch the authors like Dr György Szabados at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, as well as Dr Attila Türk. Sadly, very little of this is available in English, hence all the errors in the video. Nice work otherwise!

  11. (4:22) Making resistance is very easy, Just convince the people to join your cause and they will 100% join your cause and plan a battle strategy and then war!

  12. "Eastern side of warfare inherited from the steppe"
    Die for that racist description. Yes, Europeans didn't have horse archers either. Sure.

  13. This battle was fought pretty close to where I live, it's very interesting to learn about important local events in hisotry

  14. It is not proven that Liudolf call the Hungarian, maybe it was Henry, the older brother of Otto to get the crown for himself. He also win spreading the romour!

  15. 8:14 Lehel wanted back his ancestors (Lechites) region of S_l_avia (S_w_abia) and Bavaria.
    It was the last battle of ancient Lechites.

  16. This fine video presentation could well be subtitled; "Why Otto I is Great and the first Holy Roman Emperor". Or "How not to use horse archers".

  17. WEll now we need a German translation for the Shogun Total War's: Our men are running from the battlefield, shamefur dispray!

    Hope google isnt wrong:

    Unsere Männer rennen vom Schlachtfeld her, beschämend

  18. Curse of Gavelkind. Duchy of Lorraine and Worms synod in Lincoln's (discredited) books. Clever pressing of weak female-claim to Italy (Lombardy?) but this can't have been recognised south of Pavia? Heavy-cav personal retinue..? Magyars miss chance for a comprehensive ambush or river-defence. Augsburg so strategically sited. Thanks for post

  19. The Hungarians were sort of the land-locked vikings… 😊
    Brilliant map support! Makes it much easier to follow the dynamics and overview the geography! 👍🏼👍🏼👍🏼

  20. Amazing. I have been playing Total war series. since Medieval total war back in 2002. Thx to it I research, and learn about Otto, and many more lots more, Lost Nations like the Byzantine Empire, 90% of humanity does not know who they were. How They met their end at the Aggressive bloody sword of Islam. The subjugation, and slavery of Northern Africa By Islam. the Greek states of the middle east. The fall of Persia to Islam. the Colonization of Indian By Islam. The attack, and colonization of my loved mother land Spain by Islam. The Crusades to retake Christian lands, and protect pilgrims being killed in the middle east by Islamic extremist. The Gates of Vienna Battle which finna. With the largest cavalry charge in history took place. 18000 wing hussars From the Defenders of Christianity Poland. Smash against the Ottoman Caliphate killing 1000s in minutes. Put the whole Islamic Army to route. And stop 900 year of Islamic aggression. Until WW1 it never ends with this religion of peace. 90% of HUMANITY does not know this History. Which is not being taught in school. Because it show how dangerous the religion of peace is. which has not change its ways since Muhammad walk this earth. I learn all of this because of a Game Franchise life is funny. all of my friends think What I said here are fairy tales. It shocked me. LOLOL the Indoctrination is strong in the west.

  21. Hi..
    Please create a Didgori battle 50 000 georgians against 400 000 turkey..

    It was a great fight 1125 AC

  22. 5'20'' "… in Germany"?; You mean "East Francia", I guess. Yes, they were German populations (as the Franks were), but it was named, as you are naming, "East Francia"

  23. 14:15 Catholic to be precise. Orthodox Christians were not seen as part of the European family of Nations.

  24. i got a big smile reading you butchered german with the wrongly placed Umlauts 😀 i realy love your videos and these mistake are realy cute 🙂

  25. Cool – I moved to Augsburg 2 years ago and it's exciting to learn more and more about it's storied history over the centuries.

  26. Your pronunciation of "Magyar" is awful. Try ——-> M as in mum, a as in octopus gy as in jam a as in apple r as in rabbit…. "mojar" – is close enough

  27. horká -jugurus blood bulcsu , generál ármy 5.OOO horse-bow, germány-czech-swábische-báyerische-burgund ármy =25.OOO soldieri, hungrien-ongroi retur Hungárien

  28. Side fact: did you know it guys that we hungarians have a legend about this battle? When Bulcsú and Lehel were captured, they were brought before the king and Lehel's final wish was to blow his horn for the last time. When he blew it, he suddenly hit the emperor with it with such a force, that the king died immediatelly. The legend of Lehel's horn.
    "Uram védj meg minket a magyarok nyilaitól!" – "Lord, save us from the arrows of the hungarians!" – part of the western hymn of that period.

    Soká éljen a Magyar nemzet!

  29. Dear Hungarians, the Germans forced you to abandon your previous lifes and thus, you became their SLAVES.

    Thank God that there is a party called Jobbik, where you can reclaim your honor.

  30. Great battles in antiquity: 50 000 – 150 000 troops
    Great battles in the Dark Ages: 2000 – 20 000 troops

  31. What I read about this battle was that the Hungarians were not expecting such a large army of heavy cavalry, and soon found out that their light cavalry and horse archers were unable to damage their enemy's troops, so they retreated before suffering any major losses, and Otto decided not to pursue them, but due to heavy rainfall and stormy weather, were not able to get out of Frankish territory as rapidly as they normally could, and the local troops were able to slowly hunt them down and capture the rest.

  32. I absolutely love this channel! Great job in explaining history. Keep it up! Hopefully your subscribers grow. People should learn history. Thank you! 👍😁

  33. Europe is nothing compared to the Slavic states, communism4lyfe. Que the USSR national anthem! Heil mein fuer Putin! Putin unda ruski! Cyka blytttttttt!!

  34. Hi Baz. Where do you get your maps from or how do you make them? Is there any software available to create similar maps?

  35. Thanks for this. I used to live on the Lechfeld so I've often wondered where the battle took place. Turns out I lived some distance away in the south, but the whole of the Lechfeld is perfect for warfare using cavalry so I can understand why Otto chose that as a battle site.

    A few years ago I moved from Bavaria to Swabia, and learned it is pronounced Sch-vay-bee-ah.

  36. The Hungarian army was near 10 000 soldiers, divided by 4 brigades, 2500 soldiers in each, 7500 under Bulcsú's command directly, and 2500 under Lehel's command. The wheather and the conditions were not optimal for equestrian archery during the battle and this significantly influenced the outcome of the battle.

  37. Otto seems like he was a scumbag. Took over a foreign land, gave the foreigners control of his kingdom, cucked his son out of ever being relevant with a foreign child, stripped his own son of all royalty and outcasted him to die a peasant while allowing rebellious dukes off with a slap on the wrist

  38. I don't often say this after one of these videos, but damn King Otto did everything right what a freaking champ. I'm even more even more impressed by his political maneuvering before the battle

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