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Hyperloop Explained | The B1M

Hyperloop Explained | The B1M


Billed as the fastest way to cross the surface
of the earth, hyperloop represents the greatest leap in transport infrastructure for generations. With passengers sitting in pods that travel
at airline speed through pressurised tubes using electric propulsion and magnetic levitation,
the concept promises to slash journey times between major cities from several hours to
a matter of minutes. Whilst it may feel like science fiction, hyperloop
is now on the cusp of becoming a reality. This, is the story behind the concept that’s
about to revolutionise our world. Hyperloop was first conceived in 2012 by Tesla
and SpaceX founder, Elon Musk. In a white paper released the following year, Musk set
out his vision for a futuristic, super high-speed transportation system that would see passenger
pods move through a partial vacuum in steel tubes – addressing the two key factors that
slow down conventional vehicles: friction and air resistance. Exploring a potential route between Los Angeles
and San Francisco, Musk believed that his concept could slash the eight hour bus ride,
four hour train journey and convoluted three hour air travel experience between the two
cities to just 30 minutes. Under Musk’s first hyperloop proposal, he
suggested that compression fans would move air around the passenger pods to minimise
drag and create “air bearings” beneath them, floating them off the surface of the
tubes. It should be noted that Musk’s early hyperloop
concept is not a million miles away from Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s atmospheric railway that
ran between Exeter and Plymouth in the UK from 1847 to 1848. That system, moved carriages with pressurised
air. The air was extracted from a pipe that ran between the rails by pumping stations
situated roughly every three miles along the route, creating a vacuum. A piston contained
within this pipe was connected to the train, which pulled it forward. Despite its initial success, the leather flaps
that made the vacuum pipes airtight soon began to fail causing air to leak from the system
and Brunel’s railway was abandoned. With an estimated price tag close to USD $6BN,
Musk’s first hyperloop concept never came to fruition – but the impressive idea and
potential to link cities in such a direct way sparked intense interest. From inception, Musk had always stated that
the concept of Hyperloop would be “open source” – and he actively encouraged others
to come together and develop the necessary technology, independently from his involvement. This led to the formation of several startups
and student teams developing various aspects of hyperloop technology with varying degrees
of success. Now, several fully fledged companies are making
significant strides to bring hyperloop systems into reality. Hyperloop Transportation Technologies or HTT
are making aggressive advancements and recently constructed a full scale test track in France,
however the clear leaders of the pack in the current standings, are Virgin Hyperloop One. Virgin Hyperloop One are on track to achieve
their bold ambition of bringing a hyperloop system into operation by 2021. Originally formed in 2014 as Hyperloop One,
the company was rebranded following a significant investment from Sir Richard Branson in 2017. Deviating slightly from Musk’s original
plan, Virgin Hyperloop One’s technology combines two basic principles. The first is magnetic levitation (or MagLev),
a technology already used in monorails to lift the passenger pods and move them along
their rails. Magnetic levitation uses two sets of magnets;
one to repel the train from the track and lift it upwards and the other to move the
floating train along the track at considerable speed with reduced friction. The second principle is the use of a low pressure,
vacuum sealed environment for the passenger pods to travel through. By removing most of the air from the tubes
and having no contact with the ground, the pods face little to no resistance as they
move. The air pressures inside the tube are equivalent
to flying 200,000 feet above sea level. Such an environment enables the pods to reach speeds
of over 760 mph using very little energy. By virtue of being in a tube, the system is
protected from the weather and can operate in almost any climatic conditions. Virgin Hyperloop One’s system is controlled
by advanced software that ensures acceleration and deceleration occurs gradually, going relatively
unnoticed by those travelling inside. Having built a 500 metre track in the Nevada
desert, Virgin Hyperloop One have carried out several tests focusing on individual
aspects of the system and a complete full-scale systems test in May 2017. The propulsion, braking, levitation and vacuum
systems are all performing well and the team have achieved a top speed of over 240mph to
date. To inform their plans for developing a fully
operational network that is affordable for all, Virgin Hyperloop One launched a global
challenge to find the routes best placed to benefit from hyperloop technology. With over 2,600 entries, the field was reduced
to just 35 potential locations – with each entry enjoying with strong support from governments
and urban planners. With 10 winners across five countries, Virgin
Hyperloop One are now working in partnership with each of the locations on how to best
deliver the hyperloop technologies in live networks. In February 2018, the firm unveiled their
first prototype passenger pods for the Dubai-Abu Dhabi Hyperloop route, a network that would
drastically slash the car travel time between the two cities from two hours to just 12 minutes. The advantages of Hyperloop are considerable.
Like train stations, Hyperloop stations, called portals, are planned to be located within
inner city areas with easy links to existing transport infrastructure. This gives hyperloop systems a distinct advantage
over air travel, where airports tend to be located beyond city limits with fewer accessibility
options. Additionally, the system is being developed
to function on a “turn up and go” principle without a lengthy check-in process and with
accelerated, advanced security checks. Another clear benefit is its speed. If hyperloop
could significantly reduce the travel time between cities, it could be possible to live
in a completely different city or part of the country from where you work, with a commute
no dissimilar in length to the one you perhaps take today. This opens up a wide range of housing and
employment opportunities with people no longer restricted to have living close to where they
work. It could also take pressure off our cities where infrastructure is often still
catching up with development, and where house prices have become unattainable for most. With speeds rivalling aircraft, and nine of
the top 10 busiest air routes in the world being domestic, hyperloop has the potential
to completely revolutionise the way we live, work and travel. A hyperloop system requires very little energy
to propel pods through its tubes as the vacuum environment poses little resistance. As such,
the systems could be powered by renewable technologies such as solar and wind, offering
a considerably cleaner alternative to air travel. When you consider the prospect of people being
propelled in tubes across the earth’s surface at near supersonic speeds, there are a number
of questions that instinctively jump to mind. Perhaps the first is the impact of a potential
break or breach in one of the tubes – possibly as the result of an earthquake or external
impact. Virgin Hyperloop One explain that they have
addressed this by constructing thick steel tubes that are extremely difficult to puncture
or break. Additionally the tubes are engineered to withstand changes in pressure and air leaks
while maintaining their structural integrity. Theoretically a sudden influx of air into one of the tubes
would simply slow the pods down due to the increased air resistance. The pods could then be directed
to the next portal via an auxiliary power boost. There is also the ability to section off parts
of the route and to re-pressurise sections where significant emergencies occur and all
pods are expected to be fitted with emergency exits. Externally, hyperloop systems will largely
travel on elevated seismically designed pylons that are able to move and flex independently
of one another minimising damage in the event of a major ground shift. Sensors along the
route would instantly report issues to the systems control centre. In answering the natural safety concerns raised,
Virgin Hyperloop One also point out that millions of people already travel at high speeds in
metal tubes every time they take a flight, and that numerous concerns surrounded the
use of jet aircraft when that mode of transportation first came to prevalence. While the idea of hyperloop may seem far-fetched,
when you consider the industrial progress made in the past 200 years, the current rate
of technology adoption in our societies and the significant advances being made by hyperloop
companies around the world, this incredible new transportation system looks set to become
a part of our everyday lives in the very near future. If you enjoyed this video, and would like
to get more from the definitive video channel for construction. Subscribe to The B1M.

100 thoughts on “Hyperloop Explained | The B1M

  1. My thought is that the same thing that happenes to trains will happen to planes. To keep the planes relevant they will need to become faster and supersonic airliners could become a thing again but im sure that would reduce safety in some way and for some people its already difficult to understand the safety of flying. I think its gonna be one long race until ome day something goes wrong and only then will people tone it down only for it to repeat itself later.

  2. I love how they always talk about living hundreds of miles away from where you work, because your commute will still be 40 minutes, yet they don't talk about the daily cost of that transportation. Currently the LIRR monthly ticket from Long Island to NYC cost over $200 a month. How much do you think it would cost to travel from Pittsburgh to Chicago? I'm not paying thousands of dollars a month to commute.

  3. MAGLEV AND MAGNETIC LEVITATION TECHNOLOGY WAS INVENTED AND TESTED IN GERMANY BUT COMMERCIALIZED IN CHINA,,CHINA IS GOOD AT RUNNING AWAY WITH IDEAS THAT ARE ONLY THEORETICAL IN THE WEST

  4. WHILE VIRGIN HYPERLOOP CAN ONLY DO AROUND 250 MILES/HOUR ,,,CHINA IS WORKING ON NON HYPERLOOP THAT CAN DO 1000KM/HOUR TRAIN

  5. NOT PRESSURIZED !!!! Unpressurized, very low pressure as in equal to 30,000 ft or less pressure, if it was pressurized it'd be slower than shit due to air compression and friction, get your facts straight or you're gonna look like idiots. Consider yourself smacked upside the head. This tube idea goes waaayyyyyy back in concept, it was a common thing in classic sci-fi and future ideas in the 50s, 60s, 70s and etc. Musk just took the idea and wanted to see if he could make it finally work on a commercial level.

  6. I accidentally played this while using a Discord music player. Meant to play this https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ZSRM0X1b7M but I wanted to loop it, so I thought "Hm, I'll append the command and it might work." Of course it didn't.

  7. lies and propaganda. its going fast not because its "levitating" but because air is sucked out of the tube. Without air resistance from atmospheric pressure even a box truck can go 1,000 mph. So making it "aerodynamic" only means they are expecting the stupid tunnel to lose vacuum somewhere and there being air getting in the way of their "pods". Air has weight, and cutting through that weight at a great speed creates friction and resistance. Spoiler alert: they're never gunna get a good vacuum seal on a tunnel hundreds of miles long.

  8. also if it ever happens it will cost as much as business class tickets on a plane(or more) so forget about you peasants using it. All these new shits and helicopter taxis those only exist for the megarich who want to go in and out of downtown without suffering the wall of traffic. But instead of fixing the traffic they just want to build a new mode of transportation. typical moronic solution by a bunch of morons with too much money.

  9. the whole "long commute to work" bs is not going to get fixed with this ridiculous notions that only adress the symptom of a broken system. if the system doesnt have affordable living for the workers it want/needs than the problem is deep rooted with a broken system. no amount of uber helicopters or bullet trains will fix that.

  10. This is so absurd. Have these people not heard of continental drift? Land is always moving. If this is to be successful….there will have to be preplanning that takes into account the need for sway movement of ground. Even so one good earthquake will put an end to it.

  11. Our out of touch corrupt government would rather push centuries old trains and buses. The unions will fight hyperloop to the death. Los Angeles needs the Hyperloop !

  12. I’m scared of getting train sick. Getting into a complete different city in 12 minutes makes me kinda uneasy 🙁

  13. F*ck that hyperloop old technology crap ! We (99%) want the system teleportation system ! Can we have it now, Mrº Xtreme Top Secret Government !?

  14. And if for any reason the train breaks and it stops you are like buried metres under the ground with hundreds of people panicking, impossible to go out, electricity is off, no light, no a/c, shortage of oxygen, goodbye.

  15. Built is what it's not. Also, pressurized unlikely. Just turn on your brain people. Hyperloop is neither new or good idea. It was initially designed decades ago and never came to fruition due to how hard it is to maintain low pressure.

  16. 30 minutes from Dallas to San Antonio with 9 miles of Earth curvature, should feel some slight negative Gs?

  17. This could be the transportation tech that could change the political map. I'm in favor of this instead of that crap HSR.

  18. This is just smoke and mirror trust me it will NEVER happen it's again the law of physic like the moon landing hahaha

  19. What the people really want is no strings attached. What the business want is strings attached. Hyperloop is going to become a money pit and eventually become obsolete as soon as it comes out while China is moving on from the bullet train to the electric car. China chose better system. Sad.

  20. Elon Musk and Elizabeth Holmes are same kind of people. But one is praised and another one is being slashed.

  21. मुझे तो हाइपरलूप एक खराब तकनीक प्रतीत होती है । हमें और बहतर उडना सीखना चाहिये ना कि रेंगने के और तरीके खोजने चाहिये ।
    —–
    Hyperloop seems to be a bad technology to me. We should be finding better ways to fly than to crawl.

  22. hahahaaaaa its not that hyper ,the concorde could travel 2x the speed of sound over 1,200 miles an hour way back in the 1960s and it took passengers! talk about innovation ,,,thats hyper, we are only talking about 700 max miles an hour here and it seems practical because it cost less but it is another liberal idea that wont get no where because we are stuck in a phase of profit first not innovation… when traveling at speeds of 600 mph or faster anything bound to a track is a safety risk a risk to big to take, so for now we need to go back to the Concorde small planes 100 passengers small trips, it seems way more practical than this idea….and way safer and the infrastructure is already setup for it

  23. It’s a good idea. However, how do you see the terrain whilst inside the ride? That’s the joy of travel.

  24. The wind farm debate is really starting again in Australia, The massive amount of death of wild life, including endangered, for such uncertain returns should mean they wind will be a thing of the past.

  25. They are taking about space travel to get to places faster but I belive this would be better yea it might be slower but it would still get you to where you want to go fast and it’s cheaper. You wouldnt have to pay to take care of a rocket

  26. Interesting concept..but situated in an earthquake prone geographic zone..I ain't riding that thing. California? Get serious!

  27. The problem: To be accessible to people in the hinterland…the system would require MANY portals. And if a hyper loop vehicle has to stop and load passengers at every one of those portals…the speed advantage could be severely compromised. However, if the pods were autonomous and could be dispatched separately from individual portals…and.. "time share" the tubes, ….passengers could be loaded and unloaded at remote portals and dispatched off to their destinations without inconveniencing passengers from other portals.

  28. Any saving in energy will be more then made up for by the requirement to attain and maintain a .005 atm vacuum.

  29. What happens when there is a tiny hole at the passanger train?
    Everyone inside dies?

    No thanks. I'll take the self driving car.

  30. >^. .^< Wait till our enemies realizes how easy it will be to sabotage this tube in the middle of no where……. Sure hope I am wrong…….

  31. Magnetic levitation and propulsion were invented in the UK and I think in the NorthWest. British Rail considered it.

  32. Hyperloop is becoming in India Mumbai maybe It will complete with in 2years…. Virgin company making this hyperloop in India 🙄

  33. Originated by Spanish Technology, and after China, Spain will be the first European Nation to install it. Imagine, from Cadiz to barcelona in 1 hour.. amaziiiiiing!

  34. In America you have too many obstacles, like land usage, environmental studies & lawsuits, etc! It would take 30 years before construction could start.

  35. Hyperloop is hyper BS. It will fail. Mark my word.
    Nobody want to be locked up inside this car within a vacuum tube going at any speed. There is no safety. They will find no bits of you after a crash. Like a Boeing 737 MAX in Ethiopia.
    A vacuum seal leak of the tube will implode the entire tube like a very long bomb. One leak the whole thing go up on smoke.
    A tiny leak of the car will explode and suck everybody out to be splatter all along the vacuum tube at 700 kph. What shall we call this mess? Hyperloop hamburger?
    A passenger car pumped up with air and air con surrounded by a vacuum? So you need to build it like a jetliner but fly in inside a tube. Insane.
    What's the cost of creating such large vacuum? Cost of maglav – noting that even Chinese abandoned their maglav after Shanghai airport line because the cost of everything is way too much.
    How do you pump electricity into the maglav drive through a vacuum?
    What the cost of power per km?

    Anybody calculate the economics of this stupid thing? They can't even build a high speed rail between SF and LA. A SF-LA Hyperloop fare would be good only for Elon Musk. And he is too smart to travel in one.

    I figure by the time they finally acknowledge the insanity of this idea the Chinese would have built another 5,000 km of super high speed rail and laugh all the way to 21st century superpower.

  36. We need new ways of transport and travel.. and Thanks to Elon Musk visionary solutions the future is looking brighter.. Brilliant mind of Elon Musk is priceless 💕🍃🌍🍃💜✌😊💕

  37. I would use "trains" rather than individual pods. Security will slow things down anyway. Why over-complicate the system.

  38. Watch the part of the "open source" and "teams"
    WHY DO INSTRUMENTS RESONATE, YET, ELECTRICITY BUZZES
    It's a guided development directed at youth to learn the wrong science. The polluting technology instead of harmonic energy.

  39. What we need is global political policies that'll allow for people to come together and develop a global infrastructure facilitating this new technology. Not far fetched at all, using common knowledge it sounds like its the only way for us to travel around in the future. We cold have these tubes under oceans and through mountains. Soon there will be a day when cars and automobiles will be outlawed from entering cities. The sooner we grasp and roll out this technology the better for all of us on this planet, once we have a global political democratic oneness and a global means of making global decisions this technology can be used to save this planet from current ecological projections. We could bring water to the deserts with this technology, opening up and creating new revitalized living spaces and wildlife eco-spaces.

  40. Hyperloop is going to take awhile as the inventors need corporate investment…once accomplished, competing hyperloop corporations mst find the best lucrative sights. like Vegas or Dubai., then into populated cites like KC, and STL. time shall tell.

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